Today our agenda is simple: Get to the Nazca airport, charter a plane, and fly over the Nazca lines to see some of the wonders that people of centuries ago left for us to observe. By 10 am, our hour-long flight was ready to depart and we cranked up the engine of what I believe was a Cessna 182 single engine seven-passenger airplane. Our pilot and co-pilot quickly rattled off their checklists to each other in Spanish and a few moments later, we were taxiing down the runway getting ready for take-off. I thought to myself, I wonder if these lines are going to be as amazing as people say? Within minutes, we were at full throttle making a squiggly line down the runway as the pilot tried to keep the plane going in the right direction. As we lifted off, I could tell that this was going to be a rough flight! The pilot described the flight pattern to us and showed us on paper the formations that we were going to see. We would start by flying over the “whale”; first we would bank on the right side, then the bank on the left side. Following that, we would fly over to the next figure; first banking on the right, then banking on the left. Now I have to be honest here, I was not too impressed with our first sighting of the whale. I thought to myself, what’s the big deal? I could have done that one. From there, we went to see what the literature called an “astronaut,” but after talking to Denis Swift about it, he said if you look closely you will see that he has big eyes, and is throwing something. It is depicting a fisherman. Much of this culture depended on the fishing to be able to survive and even trade so the idea of them depicting a fisherman is much more likely than an astronaut. We went by this figure banking on the right, then banking on the left.
This morning we were up at 7:00 and had to be on the road at 8:00 to drive down to Nazca in the Altacama Desert, the driest place on the planet. The trip was absolutely breathtaking as we drove from Pisco down to Nazca through the foothills of the Andes Mountains. The geography there was very telling as we saw river rock sediment covering the mountains. The question: “How could that kind of sediment be all the way up here?” kept running through my mind. Thankfully, our geologist Dr. Brent filled us in on the details and told us how the water from the ice age and subsequent flood could account for this river rock material. Evolutionary geology cannot make sense of or account for what we were observing.
After a few hours of sleep, we began our day with a piece of bread and some instant coffee for breakfast. (Not complaining; it was complimentary!) We took the opportunity this morning to see one of the tourist attractions by chartering a boat to take us out across the Paracas Bay to the Isle de Ballestos, an island just off the coast of Pisco. The Paracas people lived there from 1300 B.C to 300 A.D. and they made the most famous textiles in the world. Because of the dry climate in Peru, these textiles are remarkably preserved today. This area is most known for the Candelabra, a massive 650-foot-tall and 310-feet-wide image in the side of one of the islands that has been dug some 6 to 7 feet deep into the surface. Today there are some questions as to the meaning of this formation and, therefore, several different theories as to what purpose it served. The guide described a few of these concepts ranging from ocean navigation lines to a symbol of worship so that the gods would bless their plants. Personally, I think it was a fabulous waterslide that the pre-Columbian people used
Well guys, thanks for praying for me. I am in Pisco, Peru, enjoying a great adventure with a group on a scientific expedition. We spent the day traveling on Monday, got up this morning and took a tour of Lima, the capitol city. One of the stops was the square where the city was founded in 1535 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro.
Today, it is estimated that 60% of Americans have trouble with their wisdom teeth; thus, many have them removed. Some of the problems may be related to our modern, softer diets.
Q: I was talking to my brother who believes evolution, and I explained the fossil/flood theory. He asked a very good question, which I wasn’t prepared to answer. He said, ”If this flood theory is correct, shouldn’t there be fossils from all other animals which we know today?”
Generally, the process of how fossils form is not in dispute. The questions of when they formed and how long it takes to fossilize are what is debated. Here are some basic points to remember.
Discovery News reports, “Oldest High-Altitude Settlements Discovered.” Where do they come up with these wild numbers?! “Human settlements dating back up to 49,000 years … sealed in volcanic ash in Papua, New Guinea mountains … ” Wow! Where to start? Even after many years of clear demonstrations that the radiometric dating methods are loaded with flaws and assumptions (see Seminar Part 7), they continue to trust them! When lava from Mount St. Helens was tested, it yielded five different ages ranging from 380,000 to 2,800,000 years. None of the five test results were the same and none were right! IT had just erupted!
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